THE PROBLEM OF THE UNIVERSAL FORMS OF KNOWLEDGE IN SCHOPENHAUER’S ONTO-GNOSEOLOGICAL THEORY

Marina Yarlykova

Аннотация


The essay discusses immanent-transcendent role of genius in the context of Arthur Schopenhauer’s metaphysical studies. The pure forms or ideas and genius, as а pure subject of comprehension are two of the central concepts of Schopenhauer’s ontological theory of knowledge. According to Schopenhauer knowledge is obtainable only for genius - the correlate of the primordial ideas. Within the metaphysical theory of German philosopher the knowledge is an interaction term of subject and object unity and genies itself is an idea of the unity and capacity to observe the primordial forms.

Keywords: genius, true knowledge, primordial ideas, pure subject, archetypes.


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